If you’re following the plot of my philosophically inclined posts you will see my dismissal of materialists as modern flat earthers. So what basic philosophical stance do I regard as more appropriate? In his book The Flip, Jeffrey Krittal suggest five possible perspectives, as follows.
- Panpsychism. Everything has mind/ has some level of consciousness/ is alive.
- Dual-Aspect Monism. Mind and matter are aspects of a single underlying reality.
- Quantum Mind. Quantum mechanics applies at a level of real world objects; mind is an expression of the quantum wave function. (Alexander Wendt)
- Cosmopsychism/ panentheism. All conscious subjects are partial aspects of the more fundamental whole.
- Idealism. Mind is fundamental and matter is a manifestation thereof.
This is all very interesting as theory, and no doubt enthusiasts of the various viewpoints could spend many an hour debating their differences. But in essence, if you don’t mind my saying so, it doesn’t matter!
The essential point of all of these perspectives is that matter/mind are indivisible aspects of reality, the one reality. Everything has inner and outer, indivisible. We are each aspects of the whole, interconnected with all others.
So much flows from that.
- Materialism is a misleading diversion.
- Science/technology has a limited domain if it restricts itself to outers.
- At best, religions provide paths towards realisation of this underlying (spiritual) reality.
- Politics must recognise that all humans and other living systems are co-sharers of our world. Having reached the earth’s limits we have become responsible for the future of the whole earth’s ecosystem.